Enlightenment ideas causes of the French Revolution
History 151 In France They Revolution: Causes, Final results, Conflicting Understanding
1. Worldwide: struggle for hegemony and Empire surpasses the fiscal assets from the condition
2. Political conflict: conflict between your Monarchy and also the nobility within the “reform” from the tax system brought to paralysis and personal bankruptcy.
3. The Enlightenment: impulse for reform intensifies political conflicts stands for traditional aristocratic constitutionalism, one variant which was organized in Montequieu’s Spirit from the Laws and regulations introduces new notions of excellent government, probably the most radical being popular sovereignty, as with Rousseau’s Social Contract  the attack around the regime and fortunate class through the Literary Subterranean of “Grub Street” the broadening influence of public opinion.
4. Social antagonisms between two rising groups: the aristocracy and also the bourgeoisie
5. Ineffective ruler: Louis XVI
6. Economic difficulty, particularly the agrarian crisis of 1788-89 creates popular discontent and disorders triggered by food shortages.
Revolutionary situation: once the government's monopoly of energy is effectively challenged by a few groups who no more recognize its legitimate authority, no more grant it loyalty, and no more obey its instructions. Dual or multiple sovereignty may be the determining feature of the revolutionary situation - the fragmentation of the existing polity into several blocs, because both versions exercises control of some area of the government and lays claim that they can its exclusive control of the federal government. An innovative situation continues until just one, sovereign polity is reconstituted. The 3rd Estate’s Oath from the Tennis Court in June 1789 and it is claim of representing the sovereignty of the united states produces an innovative situation in France.
Revolutionary Process or Stages:
· One interpretation out of this definition is the fact that a revolution continues until just one sovereign order continues to be restored either by agreement or pressure. Because the French Revolution shown, the amount of violence will probably be greater following the first outbreak of revolution or revolutionary situation, as you group declaring sovereignty seeks to vanquish a number of other rival groups also declaring sovereignty.
o An example within the French Revolution may be the occasions prior to the overthrow from the Constitutional Monarch on August 1792—often known as the “Second Revolution”—and the establishment from the First French Republic.