Enlightenment absolute rulers
|Maria Theresa and Frederick II||Frederick's ascension from the Prussian throne coincided using the dying of Charles Mire (ruled 1711-1740) of Austria in 1740. Charles died with no male heir, but he'd convinced the Austrians and also the major European forces to permit his daughter, Maria Theresa (ruled 1740-1780), being the Empress after his dying. Ernest II, recently installed as king of Prussia, required benefit of the confusion at Charles's dying, and marched into Austria and grabbed the territory of Silesia. Thus started the War from the Austrian Succession (1740-1748), since Ernest justified this course of action by not realizing the authenticity from the Empress of Austria.
Maria Theresa instantly become a huge hit towards the Hungarians and also the British the Hungarians provided troops and also the British provided money. With this particular help, she handled to carry onto her monarchy and also the relaxation of Austrian territory, though Austria never obtained Silesia.
Austria was without a convention of absolutist monarchical rule, however the Wars from the Austrian Succession made her going to adopt the centralized government authorities usual for absolutist nations, for example France and Prussia. Austria, unlike other effective states in Europe at that time, was an very diverse population. The rulers, the Hapsburg empire, did not a lot rule the nation because they got wealthy from it. She divided the Austrian Empire into ten tightly-knit and carefully given models. Each administrative unit was operated by a "war commissioner" who had been hired and controlled through the central government in Vienna. She also greatly broadened and professionalized her military, and elevated taxes significantly to be able to do that.
Additionally to centralizing her government and bringing together her energy, Maria Theresa began numerous reforms to improve the standard of existence for Austrian peasants. Particularly, she seriously reduced the quantity of work that the landholder could need for a peasant.
In 1765, Frederick II, the boy of Maria Theresa, grew to become Emperor of Austria and ruled collectively together with his mother until she died in 1780 Frederick ongoing as Emperor until 1790. Frederick being more passionate than his mother about growing his energy and taking advantage of his energy to improve the welfare from the Austrian condition.
Frederick went much...