Describe enlightened absolutism
The area is dedicated to the rule of Empress Catherine the truly amazing (1729–1796), probably the most outstanding figures in Russian history. An old German princess, well-educated and ambitious, she made the minds from the European Enlightenment philosophers her political program. It was why time from the reign of Catherine the truly amazing was known as the epoch of “enlightened absolutism”. The essence of the concept is revealed within the exhibits of these two central cases — 1 and 9. You will find products showing the characteristic feature and primary contradiction from the epoch — the coexistence of serfdom, or virtual slavery, using the humane ideas from the Enlightenment.
Situation 1 recreates the inside of the study of the wealthy magnate. Above an ideal wooden writing desk is really a portrait of Catherine the truly amazing who led to making popular the Enlightenment ideas in Russia. The inside can also be decorated with a sculptural portrait of Voltaire, among the ideologists from the European Enlightenment, who exerted a substantial affect on the personality of Catherine the truly amazing.
The Empress’s socio-political work, the direction of her reformist activity across the type of marketing the Russian ideas from the Enlightenment, the plethora of her personal interests not just produced a unique atmosphere in the imperial court, but additionally exerted a favourable affect on the whole Russian society, getting triggered, amongst other things, a curiousity about patronizing art and collecting pieces of art. Catherine the truly amazing herself was an ardent collector of these, thus getting laid the reason for wealthy assortment of the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. Situation 1 shows various objects of collections. Within the center there's the image through the artist A. Zyablov, “I. Shuvalov’s Study”. It shows a wealthy assortment of European art work which Count Shuvalov collected and given to the Academy of Art in 1758. This picture is really a copy from the lost canvas by F. Rokotov produced in 1757, using the only picture from the interior in Russian art work from the 1700s.
This situation also consists of the Kholmogory Chronicle, among the couple of books in the famous assortment of Count A. Musin-Pushkin, that was lost within the fire of Moscow in 1812. Beside it's a fragment from the assortment of created gemstones and intaglios that the empress loved a lot.
The portrait of Catherine the truly amazing stored there's a duplicate from the gala portrait that was made by F. Rokotov around the occasion of her coronation in 1763. Probably the most outstanding artists of times, Rokotov colored gala portraits of the new type, striving to portray a genuine personality with their individual features. Numerous copies of his work testify to the success and recognition.