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Latin American Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

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A brief history of Latin American philosophy might be split into five periods: Pre-Columbian, Colonial, Independentist, Nationalist, and Contemporary (that's, the 20th century to the current). Most periods happen to be centered by a specific tradition: the Pre-Columbian by Amerindian religious cosmologies, the Colonial by scholasticism, the Independentist by Early Modern philosophy and Enlightenment thought, and also the Nationalist by positivism. The contemporary scenario is more complicated and varied, however. For your reason, it will likely be talked about in the own section further below, outside of another historic periods which are the main focus of the section.

There's good evidence that in a minimum of the main pre-Columbian cultures there have been tries to explore questions regarding the character of reality, the boundaries of understanding, and also the foundation of right action. Furthermore, such work endured in a variety of forms for a while following the Conquest (Restrepo 2010). Whether this body of labor is appropriately indicated as philosophy or something like that else is really a disputed matter, with students disagreeing about how exactly better to characterize it (see Nuccetelli, 2001, ch. 3 Mignolo, 2003). It's obvious the reflective and speculative work of pre-Columbian Amerindian peoples was carried out with no knowledge of the Western philosophical tradition. Individuals queries were also generally carried out inside the religious frameworks of the places and occasions and also the literary or presentational modes by which such questions were entertained were typically taken off traditional types of European philosophical production.

Despite these variations with European philosophy, and regardless of the frequently fragmentary and sometimes second-hands information that survives concerning pre-Columbian thought, extant works have nonetheless supported a number of intriguing, notable and subtle accounts of individuals philosophical or proto-philosophical insights. Still, the traditional view concerning the pre-Columbian period is the fact that its insights had virtually no effect on the unquestionably philosophical intellectual production at that time that immediately adopted the Conquest.

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