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Enlightenment Age of Reason PowerPoint

Unit 4: The Age of Reason

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Unit 3: Age Reason

1660-1780

1. Age Reason in Europe

1. Age Reason in Europe
•General intellectual and literary movement: Enlightenment
–Enlightenment: indicated by Rationalism
•Rationalism: a philosophy the stressed the function of reason instead of physical experience or belief in responding to fundamental questions of human existence
•Ideals:
–Intellectual Freedom
–Freedom from prejudice and superstition in religion and politics
•As in most Age range: Behavior frequently didn't match ideals

2. Age Reason in England

British form of Rationalism: experience &lifier reason ought to be given equal place when analyzing a persons condition
–This made the British less “Rational” compared to French along with other continental versions
–Many of the most basic authors of the period were in opposition to the rationalist ideas of social progress and human perfectibility

Picture3. Age Reason = The Neoclassical Age

•Many from the authors based their prose and poetry on classical models
•Classical here describes Ancient A holiday in greece and Rome
•Classical authors are people like Homer, who authored the Iliad and also the Journey, or Ovid authored the Annelid.

4. A Time Worried about:

•Manners and morals
•Understanding themselves
•Understanding the immediate world
•Understanding their relationship with other people.

5. A Time Affected by: John Locke

•John Locke’s Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), which contended that “our business here's to not know everything, but individuals which concern our conduct.”

6. Age seemed to be stimulated by great Researchers

•Sir Isaac Newton:
Principa (1687) first established the laws and regulations of gravitation
•It would be a period that recommended using scientific approach to test old ideas and also to develop new understanding.

7. The First Years, 1660-1700: The Restoration from the Monarchy

King Charles II

8. The Restoration introduced many changes to England.

•The Anglican Chapel was once more the established chapel
•Charles II reopened theaters, which that puritans had closed, as well as backed a troop of stars
•1662: Charles II chartered the Royal Society.
–This made scientific activities and research official
–The Society needed using the scientific method in most of their research

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